National Consultant: Urban WASH Framework, Dhaka 303 views

National Consultant: Urban WASH Framework, Dhaka, Bangladesh (Only for Bangladeshi)

Job no: 527642

Work type: Consultancy

Location: Bangladesh

Categories: WASH (Water, Sanitation and Hygiene), Consultancy

UNICEF works in some of the world’s toughest places, to reach the world’s most disadvantaged children. To save their lives. To defend their rights. To help them fulfill their potential.

Across 190 countries and territories, we work for every child, everywhere, every day, to build a better world for everyone.

And we never give up.

For every child, a better future!

Purpose of Activity/Assignment:

With changing demographics from rapid urbanization and its effect on children, the UNICEF’s 2016 to 2030 WASH strategy highlights urban WASH programming as an important emerging area for the organization. UNICEF Bangladesh Country office (BCO) has been supporting Government of Bangladesh (GoB) in planning and implementing an urban WASH programme since 1998. We have a list of success stories and best practices in providing WASH support to the City Corporations/Municipalities and also with WASA. The next step is to develop an urban WASH framework to position UNICEF’s Urban WASH work in the face of current environmental, climate and socio-economic trends while building on strengths and successes of past programming. This also needs to be well informed by an analysis of what other partners are doing and planning in this area. In addition, areas critical for Urban WASH such as climate resilience, drainage, wastewater management and energy efficiency are areas need to be newly developed.

The purpose of this consultancy is to develop a comprehensive urban WASH framework to position and guide UNICEF’s engagement and support for urban WASH programming and define what UNICEF is best – placed to contribute to urban WASH given its mandate, capacity and comparative advantage in line with UNICEF strategy and government priorities.

The framework will be developed to provide guidance for a better country specific urban WASH programming approaches and sustainable operationalization in different types of urban contexts (Municipalities/City Corporations) being aligned with Child Friendly City Initiatives (CFCI).


The urban population of Bangladesh, which is already 53 million, will be more than double at 112 million by 2050 and Dhaka will be the sixth largest megacity in the world by 2030. In Dhaka alone, more than 4 million people are estimated to leave in the city’s more than 5,000 slums. Around 500,000 people commute every day to and from Dhaka for different livelihood purpose. With climate change impacts and increasing levels of industrialization, urban areas are particularly vulnerable to climate change impacts and environmental degradation due to overburdened or lacking WASH infrastructure, waste management challenges, paved surfaces and lack of drainage systems, limited space for water storage. Groundwater resources are under pressure from overexploitation, pollution and a lack of recharge areas.

Migration is the main driver of urban growth. Migration is fueled by extreme rural poverty, landlessness, climate change effect, lack of basic services and large urban-rural wage differentials. Migrants relocate to the cities in Bangladesh mainly for economic reasons- leading to a rapidly growing vulnerable segment of the population being left behind in provision of basic services as water and sanitation services.

Despite the urban growth trends and projections, Bangladesh does not have an explicit urban policy. Political commitment to managing and planning for rapid urban growth, leveraging the benefits of urbanization, and ensuring inclusive and sustainable urban development outcomes has not been demonstrated in a tangible way. There are significant gap in service delivery in terms of safe water supply, sanitation, solid waste and faecal sludge management.

To achieve the SDG6 targets of universal access to safely managed water and sanitation in the country, there is need for more focus on extending WASH services to the poor and marginalized population living in urban slum across the country towards ensuring that no one is left behind. As per Child Wellbeing Survey in Urban Areas of Bangladesh, 2016; only 19% slum dwellers in City Corporations have improved sanitation facilities, and 35% have a specific place for handwashing. Access to water is almost 100% but water quality is a big issue particularly in terms of bacteriological contamination.

Bangladesh became a lower middle-income country in 2018. In the next couple of years, the country will enter to the middle-income status. The Government of Bangladesh (GoB) is now taking many projects, both in rural and urban areas to improve the WASH situation in the country. The GoB projects in the City Corporation/ Municipalities are not targeted the low-income communities or slums. To promote equitable access to WASH services in urban areas of Bangladesh, UNICEF BCO will use the urban WASH framework to strategically support government to design and implement inclusive urban WASH programme that would address the needs of the poor and most vulnerable populations.

Work Assignment and Deliverables




  • Desk review of UNICEF BCO ongoing urban WASH programme and all other supporting urban WASH documents; and develop workplan for the consultancy.
  • Conduct urban WASH stakeholders analysis and map UNICEF BCO engagement in urban WASH programming including mode of engagement, programming nature, partners, etc.
  • Develop appropriate instruments and methodology for gathering information from relevant urban WASH stakeholders at national and sub-national levels.
  • Draft the outline for the urban WASH framework.

Inception report/ inception meeting

7 days

Conduct consultation with relevant national level urban WASH stakeholders (including government ministries, departments and agencies and CSOs, etc.) for information gathering on urban WASH programming in the country.

Report on progress and systematic overview table which will serve as an annex.

10 days

Visit two UNICEF zonal offices for sub-national level consultation with relevant urban WASH stakeholders including UNICEF staff, sub-national level City Corporations/ Municipalities; NGOs, partners also working on urban climate resilience etc.

4-page summary field note

12 days

Draft the urban WASH framework.

The framework should focus:

Institutional framework: roles and responsibilities and how to harmonize and the key focus areas for UNICEF BCO engagement and possibilities of collaboration among stakeholders;

Principle of human rights: WASH rights versus urban poor; leave no one behind

Urban WASH sector analysis; typology of cities in Bangladesh; technical, financial and administrative capacities to design, implement and monitor WASH services including solid and faecal waste management.

Urban WASH Governance also with a view to emerging challenges regarding climate change, the need for adaptation learning, improved monitoring of water quantity and quality in urban areas; links to natural resource management and integrated water resource management.

Implementation framework/Action plan/Implementation mechanism

The framework should also clearly include:

  • Urban contexts/areas for UNICEF support based on all the consultations held and capacity of UNICEF.
  • Climate change impacts affecting the urban WASH sector and how the WASH sector can help support urban resilience.
  • Longer-term challenges regarding sustainability of urban water resources (quality, quantity, disaster resilience).
  • Sustainability of the urban WASH sector: potential for low-carbon and energy efficient pumping technology
  • Types of support that can be provided by UNICEF.
  • Facilitate a national consultation workshop to present the draft urban WASH framework and get inputs from participants for finalization of the document.

Draft urban WASH Framework

7 days

Review and synthesis the comments received in the national consultation workshop, improve the draft framework and submit to UNICEF for further review.

Draft final urban WASH framework

5 days

Finalize the framework based on UNICEF’s comments and submit the final edited copy to UNICEF.

Final urban WASH framework

3 days

Total days:

44 days

To qualify as an advocate for every child you will have…

  • Advanced university degree (minimum master’s degree level) in one of the disciplines relevant to the following areas:

    Engineering/Social Science/ Social welfare/Economics, Public Health, Planning / Development studies or any other field relevant to urban WASH.

  • Ten years of progressively responsible professional experience in the areas of WASH in the UN and or other international development organizations, governments, NGOs.
  • Extensive experience in urban WASH and very good understanding of urban WASH landscape and stakeholders is essential.
  • Experience of developing strategy/policy/framework is required for large institutions.
  • Excellent English and Bangla communication skills.
  • Experience of working with Govt. and UN/INGOs.

For every Child, you demonstrate…

UNICEF’s core values of Commitment, Diversity and Integrity and core competencies in Communication, Working with People and Drive for Results.

View our competency framework at

UNICEF is committed to diversity and inclusion within its workforce, and encourages all candidates, irrespective of gender, nationality, religious and ethnic backgrounds, including persons living with disabilities, to apply to become a part of the organization.

UNICEF has a zero-tolerance policy on conduct that is incompatible with the aims and objectives of the United Nations and UNICEF, including sexual exploitation and abuse, sexual harassment, abuse of authority and discrimination. UNICEF also adheres to strict child safeguarding principles. All selected candidates will, therefore, undergo rigorous reference and background checks, and will be expected to adhere to these standards and principles.


Mobility is a condition of international professional employment with UNICEF and an underlying premise of the international civil service.

Only shortlisted candidates will be contacted and advance to the next stage of the selection process. This is deliverables-based contract. The technical suitability of the candidates is assessed first through review of applications, test and/or interviews; to be followed by the invitation to provide financial offer for the candidates who best meet the technical requirements.

Advertised: 06 Nov 2019 Bangladesh Standard Time

Applications close: 21 Nov 2019 11:55 PM Bangladesh Standard Time

Click the button below to visit the original announcement on the recruiting organization’s website.

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